|Title of the article
LENIN AFTER DEATH (VISIONS OF SOVIET PROVINCIAL POPULATION)
Bryantsev Mikhail Vasilevich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of theory and history of state and law, Bryansk State University named after academician I. G. Petrovsky (14 Bezhitskaya street, Bryansk, Russia), email@example.com
94 (47) + 929. 2 Ленин
Background. The image of the leader of the world proletariat has long attracted not only domestic, but also foreign researchers, but there are not so many works devoted to the ideas of the population about Lenin after his death. The “Archival Revolution” has allowed researchers to turn to materials that previously were classified and has allowed to see other, than earlier, sides of the image of Lenin.
Materials and methods. The article is based not only on the published materials of the Central Archive of the FSB, but mainly on sources extracted from the provincial archives (Bryansk, Gomel, Kaluga, Orel and Smolensk). In the aggregate these are different kinds of “information bulletins” reflecting the views of the population on various internal and foreign political events, the population’s assessment of the activities of the leaders of the USSR.
Results. The death of Lenin played not only a consolidating role in the life of the Soviet society, but also showed the most diverse attitude of the population towards the leader and his activities. A part of the population began to connect life’s difficulties with the results of V. I. Lenin’s work. However, for the majority Lenin remained a consolidating figure, who did not allow disintegration of the Soviet system.
Conclusions. In the course of the study, it has been established that Lenin’s image, shown to the public, was multilayered in the people’s mind: with a general positive attitude toward him, as an ideal ruler, a part of the population had a skeptical and sometimes completely negative attitude toward Lenin
leader, Lenin, population, image, ideas, party, Soviet Russia
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